Cotonou Agreement Consolidated

April 9th, 2021 9:53 am

A new agreement between the EU and ACP countries was negotiated in 2018 and will replace the 2000/483/EC Partnership Agreement. More players in the partnership: the EU has encouraged a broad and inclusive partnership with ACP partners. The new agreement clearly recognises the role of national parliaments, local authorities, civil society and the private sector. The ACP-EU Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000 is the most comprehensive Acp-EU partnership agreement between developing countries and the EU. The agreement provides for cooperative actions for bookshop.europa.eu/en/the-cotonou-agreement-signed-in-cotonou-on-… A consolidated version of the legislation is also available in 22 language versions on Eur-Lex. The ACP-EU partnership agreement, signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000, was concluded for a period of 20 years between 2000 and 2020. It is the most comprehensive partnership agreement between developing countries and the EU. Since 2000, it has been the framework for EU relations with 79 countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP). In 2010, ACP-EU cooperation was adapted to new challenges such as climate change, food security, regional integration, state fragility and aid effectiveness.

Negotiations for a new agreement are due to begin by August 2018. Security and fragility: no development can take place without a safe environment. The new agreement highlights the interdependence between security and development and together fights security threats. The focus will be on peace-building and conflict prevention. For situations of state fragility, a comprehensive approach is being articulated between diplomacy, security and development cooperation. The agreement was signed in 2000 and will expire at the end of 2020. A consolidated version of the text of the Cotonou agreement is available and can be bookshop.europa.eu/en/the-cotonou-agreement-signed-in-cotonou-on-… In accordance with the five-year revision clause of the agreement, negotiations began in May 2004 for a first amendment to the agreement and were completed in February 2005. The aim was to improve the efficiency and quality of the EU-ACP partnership and to take into account recent significant changes in international and acp-EU relations. The Cotonou Agreement is the backbone of the partnership between the EU, EU countries and 79 countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP). Before the Cotonou agreement, the conventions of Lomé (Lomé I – Lomé IV bis) were applied. However, significant developments at the international level, socio-economic and political changes in ACP countries have highlighted the need for a change of mentality in ACP-EU cooperation.

The growing importance of regional integration in ACP countries and in ACP-EU cooperation is reflected. The focus is on their role in promoting cooperation and peace and security, promoting growth and solving cross-border challenges. Africa also recognises the continental dimension and the African Union becomes a partner in eu-ACP relations. These activities are funded by the European Development Fund. The Cotonou agreement is expected to establish a three-pillar comprehensive partnership: in March 2010, the European Commission and the Africa-Caribbean-Ocean (ACP) group completed the second revision of the Cotonou agreement.

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