Trade Agreements Africa

December 19th, 2020 8:58 am

AfCFTA is a framework agreement covering trade in goods and services, including the following protocols: trade in goods, trade in services, intellectual property rights, competition policy, investment and dispute resolution. Indeed, Africa will benefit even more from trade diversification and value chain growth than through a single free trade agreement. Most African exports are raw materials: agriculture and mineral products, with about 70% of the value added outside the continent. The limited value-added is partly the result of trade agreements that penalize processed products from Africa in favour of raw materials. And these agreements need to be amended so that the continent benefits the most from afCFTA. The Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) [9] is a free trade area with 28 countries from 2018. [1] [10] [11] [12] It was created by the African Free Trade Agreement between 54 of the 55 african union nations. [13] The free trade area is the largest in the world, in terms of the number of participating countries since the creation of the World Trade Organization. [14] Accra, Ghana, is the secretariat of AFCFTA and was commissioned by Ghanaian President Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo Addo on 18 August 2020 in Accra and handed over to the AU. Intra-African trade is currently only 16%, compared to 19% in Latin America, 51% in Asia, 54% in North America and 70% in Europe. “This is essential, because services account for about 60% of Africa`s GDP and, for example, in 2014, services accounted for 30% of world trade…. Markets for national services will be open to service providers from other African countries,” Muchanga said. Removing import duties could potentially boost intra-African trade by more than 50%, while a reduction in non-tariff barriers will double the volume of trade, notes the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).

Eritrea was not part of the original agreement because of the continuing state of war, but the 2018 peace agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea ended the conflict and ended the barrier to Erreer`s participation in the free trade agreement. [10] [30] [45] [46] [47] The unrecognized state of Somaliland was not involved in discussions on the creation of the agreement. The advantage of preferential trade agreements is that they can bring about lasting structural changes. After 18 years in which agoA benefited eging, a predictable general balance analysis from the World Bank in 2018 showed that the termination of AGOA by 2020 would result in a 1% revenue loss and a 16 per cent decline in the textile and clothing industry. But simulations have also shown that trade facilitation measures, which reduce the average cost of trade by 2% per year, would eliminate the negative income effects resulting from the elimination of AGOA. AGOA`s protection of the child industry has allowed the industry to grow and prosper, so that a reduction in trade costs of only 2 per cent would allow it to maintain its competitiveness. Roberto Echandi is the senior private sector specialist at ETIRI. It focuses on research and policy advice on issues related to cross-border trade in services, negotiations, implementation and maximizing the potential benefits of deep integration trade agreements and the AfCFTA negotiation and implementation process. After the Kigali summit, more signatures were added for the AfCFTA.

At the African Union summit in Nouakchott on 1 July 2018, five other nations, including South Africa, joined the agreement. Kenya and Ghana were the first nations to ratify the agreement and file their ratifications on 10 May 2018. [2] Of the signatories, 22 had to ratify the agreement in order for it to enter into force, and it happened on 29 April 2019, when Sierra Leone and the Arab Democratic Republic of the Sahara ratified the agreement. [7] As a result, the agreement came into force 30 days later on 30 May 2019; At that time, only Benin, Nigeria and Eritrea had not signed.

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