Agreements Between Fdr And Britain

December 2nd, 2020 11:59 pm

The Japanese and German leaders certainly noted that democracies did not respond to the aggression in Manchuria and Ethiopia. In Japan, a militaristic and expansionist government, which continued to regard what it considered to be shabby treatment after the Great War, regional domination. Japan`s great strategy was to access oil and other East Asian raw materials and build a colonial empire, or what Japanese leaders called in 1938 a “Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.” In Germany, in 1933, Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler came to power, making former enemies and Jews responsible for the needs of his country. Hitler spoke menacingly of the German people`s need for more housing (“habitat”) and their belief in the superiority of the Aryan race. He also openly announced that Germany would begin to arm itself again and rejected the disarmament agreements it had signed in the 1920s. In August 1941, Roosevelt and Churchill met for the first of nine personal conferences (www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/ww2con95.html) during the war. The four-day meeting aboard a ship cast off the coast of Newfoundland in Argentia Bay was devoted to an agreement on war objectives and a vision for the future. The document drawn up at that meeting was the Atlantic Charter, an agreement on the objectives of war between the beleaguered Britain and the neutral United States. The Charter defines the concepts of self-determination, the end of colonialism, the freedom of the seas and the improvement of living and working conditions for all. Many of these ideas were similar to those proposed by Wilson`s fourteen points, but were not accepted by our allies at the Versailles conference at the end of the First World War. In rejecting Hoover`s approach, the FDR essentially adopted a form of economic nationalism and forced the United States to resolve the depression alone.

In the summer of 1933, he saw the London Economic Conference collapse and devalued the dollar by moving the United States away from the international gold standard. With this last maneuver, Roosevelt attempted to artificially inflate the value of the U.S. dollar in the hope of putting more money in the hands of cash-poor Americans. Unfortunately, this has further destabilized the global economy. Roosevelt quickly acknowledged his mistake and his government worked with England and France to stabilize the international economic system and negotiated monetary agreements with these nations in 1936. Talks between the FDR, Churchill and Stalin continued in January 1945 in Yalta, Crimea. At that time, FDR was a weak and sick man, dilapidated by his years in office, his energetic election campaign and his state of health. The Yalta meeting was extremely tense. Victory in Europe was almost assured, but the Allies had not yet agreed on europe`s political or economic future after the war.

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